Alcohol consumption can cause alterations in the structure and operation of the growing brain, which continues to develop into a person’s mid 20s, and it may have repercussions reaching far beyond adolescence.

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In adolescence, brain development is identified by dramatic changes to the brain’s structure, neural connections (“circuitry”), and physiology. These transformations in the brain alter everything from emerging sexuality to emotions and judgment.

Not all component parts of the adolescent brain mature concurrently, which may put a youth at a disadvantage in particular scenarios. The limbic areas of the brain mature earlier than the frontal lobes. The limbic regions regulate feelings and are related to a juvenile’s decreased level of sensitivity to risk. The frontal lobes are responsible for self-regulation, judgment, reasoning, problem-solving, and impulse control. Variations in maturation amongst parts of the brain can lead to rash choices or actions and a disregard for consequences.

How Alcohol Affects the Brain
Alcohol disturbs a juvenile’s brain growth in several ways. The effects of minor alcohol consumption on particular brain activities are summarized below.

Alcohol is a central nervous system sedative drug. Alcohol can seem to be a stimulant because, before anything else, it depresses the portion of the brain that controls inhibitions.

CORTEX– Alcohol impedes the cortex as it works with details from a person’s senses.

CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM– When a person thinks of something he wants his body to undertake, the central nervous system– the brain and the spinal cord– sends out a signal to that part of the body. Alcohol hampers the central nervous system, making the person think, speak, and move more slowly.

FRONTAL LOBES – The human brain’s frontal lobes are important for organizing, forming concepts, making decisions, and exercising self-control.

A person might find it difficult to manage his or her emotions and urges when alcohol impairs the frontal lobes of the brain. The person might act without thinking or may even get violent. Consuming alcohol over a long period of time can injure the frontal lobes permanently.

HIPPOCAMPUS– The hippocampus is the portion of the human brain where memories are made.
When alcohol reaches the hippocampus, a person might have difficulty recalling something she or he just learned, such as a person’s name or a telephone number. This can take place after just one or two drinks.
Drinking a great deal of alcohol quickly can cause a blackout– not being able to recollect whole events, such as what she or he did last night.
A person might find it difficult to learn and to hold on to knowledge if alcohol damages the hippocampus.

CEREBELLUM– The cerebellum is essential for coordination, thoughts, and focus. A person might have trouble with these skills once alcohol goes into the cerebellum. After alcoholism “>drinking alcohol, a person’s hands might be so tremulous that they cannot touch or take hold of things properly, and they may fail to keep their equilibrium and tumble.

HYPOTHALAMUS– The hypothalamus is a small part of the brain that does an amazing number of the physical body’s housekeeping chores. Alcohol upsets the operation of the hypothalamus. After a person consumes alcohol, blood pressure, hunger, thirst, and the need to urinate increase while body temperature and heart rate decline.

Alcohol in fact chills the body. Consuming a lot of alcohol outdoors in cold weather conditions can trigger an individual’s physical body temperature level to drop below normal.

alcoholism may have trouble with these abilities when alcohol gets in the cerebellum. After consuming alcohol, an individual’s hands might be so shaky that they cannot touch or take hold of things properly, and they may fail to keep their equilibrium and tumble.

After an individual alcoholic beverages alcohol, blood pressure, hunger, being thirsty, and the desire to urinate increase while body temperature and heart rate decline.

Alcohol in fact chills the body. Drinking a lot of alcohol outdoors in cold weather can trigger an individual’s body temperature to fall below normal.